Monday, 12 October 2020

Care Home Testing Shambles


The Labour MSP Neil Findlay gets to the heart of the matter in this BBC report by highlighting the fact that it took six full days for a care home in West Lothian to be tested for Covid-19.

An incredible 28 staff were still waiting on results of their tests, some of which had been carried out nine days earlier, leaving care home residents and fellow workers vulnerable to infection.

The health minister Jeanne Freeman is reported as saying that the Scottish Government will investigate any issues with testing.

But the issues are staring the Scottish Government in the face  - test results are taking far to long to process and not enough priority is being given to protecting the most vulnerable from the threat of Covid-19.

Covid in Scotland: Test 'shambles' at West Lothian care home

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HC One's Redmill care home in West LothianIMAGE COPYRIGHTGOOGLE
image captionResidents and staff have tested positive for Covid at Redmill Care Home in West Lothian

Testing for Covid-19 at a care home hit with an outbreak of the virus is a "shambles", an MSP has claimed.

Labour's Neil Findlay said the first case was detected at Redmill Care Home in West Lothian on 25 September, but it took six days for a whole home testing regime to be organised. 

He said 28 staff and 20 residents were awaiting results from tests, some of which were carried out nine days ago.

The health secretary promised to investigate any issues with testing.

At Redmill, which is run by HC-One, 55 residents and staff have tested positive, while at Milford House in Edinburgh there have been 31 positive test results. 

The health board has said a "small number" of people have died but will not give precise figures because of patient confidentiality.

Worried relatives

Lothians MSP Mr Findlay told Holyrood he had been contacted by both staff and relatives of families at Redmill. 

He said: "Today 28 staff are still waiting on results, six staff are waiting on a test.

"Some tests couldn't be given because labels didn't come with kits. Twenty residents are awaiting results, some people have not had results despite being tested on September 28, nine days ago.

"One staff member received three sets of results, one received someone else's results and 20 results were returned negative, but with no information with them as to whom they belonged to."

Mr Findlay continued: "I really hope the same has not happened at Milford House because staff and residents deserve so much better than what appears to be a shambles with the testing regime."

Jeane Freeman
image captionJeane Freeman said she would investigate the concerns raised by Mr Findlay

Health Secretary Jeane Freeman gave a breakdown of the cases, saying 37 staff and 18 residents at Redmill Care Home had tested positive while at Milford House 18 staff and 13 residents had received positive test results.

She said Mr Findlay had raised "serious issues", but that this did not tie up with the information she had received about the homes, and she promised to investigate further.

A spokeswoman from HC One said: "We have experienced several challenges with the testing programme at Redmill Care Home, including delays and erroneous results being returned, and detailed this to Mr Findlay earlier today. 

"We are very grateful for Mr Findlay's support and the immediate action he has taken to help us resolve these challenges. 

"Our priority is to work with all interested parties to make sure that testing is completed in a timely and accurate fashion and that we can collectively tackle this outbreak for the benefit of residents and colleagues." 

Nearly half of those who have died with coronavirus in Scotland have died in care homes, according to official figures.

Care Homes - 'Wrong Kind of Test Tubes' (29/09/20)

The Sunday Post's Peter Swindon is doing a great job of holding the Scottish government to account over the breakdown of testing in Scotland's care homes.

The 'wrong kind of test tubes' is being blamed for some of the latest problems, but these delays in returning test results mean that care home residents are banned from having visits from their families and friends - which is bang out of order if you ask me.


Care Homes - Thrown Under The Bus (01/09/20)

Peter Swindon at the Sunday Post broke another great news story at the weekend about the breakdown of testing in Scotland's care homes. 

Tony Banks, Chairman of Balhousie Care Group, said that only 6 results were returned from 846 staff last week after the Scottish Government switched the focus of testing away from care homes and onto to schools.

Tony Banks told the Sunday Post: 

Our staff are anxious, our managers are in the dark and our residents are at risk of being exposed to asymptomatic staff.”

“That’s a cruel waiting game to play on anyone, and it’s unacceptable.”

The latest scandal follows hot on the heels of another Sunday Post exclusive which revealed that hospital patients had been discharged into care homes, earlier this year, despite testing positive for Covid-19.


Care Homes - Thrown Under The Bus (30/08/20)

Scotland's health minister Jeane Freeman welcomes the 'tremendous progress' made in discharging hospital patients into local care homes - the snag being that many of these patients had already tested positive for Covid-19. 

Peter Swindon at the Sunday Post is clearly on a bit of a roll because he has another article in today's newspaper focussing on unacceptable delays in the Covid-19 testing regime. 


Care Homes - Thrown Under The Bus (28/08/20)

The Scottish Government claims to be all in favour of openness and transparency, but yesterday the first minister Nicola Sturgeon refused to confirm when she first became aware that hospital patients were moved into care homes despite testing positive for Covid-19.


Thrown Under The Bus (23/08/20)

I didn't mange to post this Sunday Post article by Peter Swindon earlier in the week as I headed up north to Glencoe for a few days.

But the article is really well worth reading because it provides more compelling evidence that care homes in Scotland were 'thrown under the bus' during the Coronavirus epidemic.

Apparently, Peter Swindon has a follow-up piece in this weekend's Sunday Post which I've not managed to read yet, although I notice from Twitter that the responsibility for this scandal is being laid at the door of the health minister, Jeane Freeman.

Hospitals in five Scottish health boards sent patients into care homes after they had tested positive for Covid-19

By Peter Swindon - The Sunday Post
Home Farm Care Home, on Skye, where 10 residents died in a Covid outbreak - © Peter Jolly / Shutterstock

Dozens of patients who had tested positive for Covid-19 were transferred from hospitals into care homes in the critical weeks around lockdown, we can reveal today.

The transfers, sanctioned as the NHS cleared beds for an expected onslaught of patients, were compared to “putting a match to tinder” yesterday after the virus swept through Scots care homes claiming the lives of at least 1,950 residents.

The revelations come after mounting concern about the Scottish Government’s decision to allow hundreds of untested patients to be moved into homes, but, according to figures obtained by The Post, the transfers included many who had been confirmed as having Covid.

Some health boards chose not to transfer infectious patients into homes in the weeks immediately before and after lockdown was imposed in March, but at least five did. The transfer of almost 40 infectious patients has been confirmed so far.

Experts branded the transfers reckless yesterday, saying care homes did not have the staff, equipment or specialist training to cope with Covid cases during the rush to clear hospital beds in March and April.

Allyson Pollock, professor of public health at Newcastle University, said: “It is quite shocking that some health boards discharged patients to care homes who had tested positive for Covid-19.

“It’s like putting a lit match to dry tinder and starting a forest fire because we know that infection control measures weren’t good in care homes, we know care homes were understaffed and we know that older people are very vulnerable to Covid-19.

“Some of these hospitals were just desperate to get rid of bed-blocking patients to clear beds.”

The Scottish Government has confirmed 1,431 untested patients were moved to care homes between March 1 and April 21, before testing of discharged patients became mandatory.

However, we can reveal, at least 300 patients were tested in that same period prior to discharge to care homes with at least 37 testing positive. The positive cases, uncovered so far, were in Ayrshire and Arran (17), Grampian (7), Tayside (6), Fife (4) and Lanarkshire (3).

NHS Lothian and NHS Highland did not respond to our requests under freedom of information legislation. Shetland, Orkney, Western Isles, Forth Valley and Dumfries and Galloway health boards said they did not discharge any patients who had tested positive. NHS Borders said two patients were transferred three weeks after a positive test so were no longer infectious.

NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde said it discharged 752 patients but it would be too expensive to check records to find out how many were tested and how many tested positive.

There have been 1,950 deaths in Scots care homes where Covid-19 was mentioned on the death certificate. Some care homes had local outbreaks that cost the lives of more than 20 residents.

In June The Post told how prosecutors were probing hundreds of Covid deaths in what is likely be Scotland’s biggest Crown Office inquiry.

Some care home bosses believe the virus was brought in by patients discharged from hospital at the beginning of the pandemic when there was a rush to clear beds. All health boards will be expected to provide the information in the weeks ahead, however, as the inquiry into care home deaths continues and before an expected public inquiry examines one of the most criticised decisions of the Scottish and Westminster governments.

Critics have accused ministers of ­“throwing care homes to the wolves” as they moved to protect the capability of the NHS to deal with Covid patients.

Rodney Laing’s dad Rodger died from Covid at Drummond Grange Care Home in Lasswade, near Edinburgh. He was transferred from Midlothian Community Hospital after a negative test result.

Mr Laing said: “My dad was fit and healthy when he was moved but if he had Covid I would have been really disappointed if they’d sent him to a care home. It would be like putting a time bomb into a care home and waiting for it to go off.”
Rodger Laing

There is no suggestion the Covid-19 ­outbreak at Drummond Grange was caused by the admission of a bed-blocking hospital patient with the virus but operator Barchester Healthcare confirmed the firm’s care homes did accept untested hospital patients in March and April.

Professor David Bell of Stirling University, who published a paper about Covid-19 deaths in Scottish care homes, said: “Establishing the linkage from hospital discharges to care homes where there was a subsequent Covid-19 outbreak is vitally important. Although they house less than 1% of its population, almost half of all Covid deaths happened in Scotland’s care homes.

“There will inevitably be an inquiry into how this came about. Perhaps protecting the NHS had the unintended consequence of exposing care homes to the deadly virus. The inquiry will have to find out how many of those transferred to care homes were tested for Covid and what decisions were made on the basis of these tests.”

A senior doctor yesterday explained the thinking behind the decision to transfer patients into care as Covid neared Britain.

Dr David Chung, head of the Royal College for Emergency Medicine in Scotland, said: “People had to make difficult decisions which, in hindsight, would have been done in a different way. We were looking at what was happening in Italy and we were treating this is a slow-motion major incident. In a major incident the thing you do is you create capacity and that’s what we were attempting to do, in good faith.”

He added: “If we knew somebody had Covid there are situations where we think this person might not survive, they’ve got severe dementia, it’s kinder for them to be in an environment they know, and [care home] staff should be able to treat them and keep them isolated.”

Dr Crawford McGuffie, medical director at NHS Ayrshire and Arran, said clinical teams completed a risk assessment with care homes before discharge and made clear the importance of ensuring 14 days of isolation and “robust infection prevention and control measures”. He added: “NHS Ayrshire and Arran has followed the national guidance on testing, including testing for patients who had finished their acute care and were ready for discharge to a care home.”

NHS Tayside said: “Patients who tested positive were discharged following a clinical assessment and in liaison with each care home. Hospital doctors believed the most appropriate care environment for these patients would be within their own care home with all appropriate infection-control measures taken. These decisions were made before national guidance was agreed that patients should have a negative swab test before being discharged to care homes.”

Scottish Conservative health spokesman Donald Cameron said: “It is astonishing we are only finding this out now after a newspaper investigation into the truth of what has happened in our care homes. It appears that all the calls for transparency have been completely unheeded by the government when informing people about what was happening in relation to their loved ones.

“There are serious questions for the ­ministers and health boards to answer.”

Dr Donald Macaskill, chief executive of Scottish Care, which represents 800 of Scotland’s 1,000 care homes, said anecdotal evidence suggested hospitals had not always been clear about whether patients being transferred had or had not been tested or if the results had been positive or negative. He said: “It is now clear there were individuals discharged from hospitals and into care homes who were Covid positive.

“There would appear to be instances where these care homes did not know, or were not told, that somebody was positive when they were discharged.

“We have heard anecdotally from care homes that they were told somebody hadn’t been tested but thereafter it was discovered they had been tested. That was a withholding of information that may or may not have adjusted that care home’s view as to whether or not to take somebody. It is possible that if a care home ­previously did not have Covid, and was not told the discharged patient had Covid, then that patient would have introduced Covid to a care home.”

Dr Macaskill added: “At frequent points both the First Minister and the Cabinet Secretary for Health have stated there will be a public inquiry. The First Minister has further stated it would be human rights based, which is what we have called for, but we have had no indication when that will be.”

The Scottish Government said: “Our priority throughout the pandemic has been to save lives. Discharge decisions for individual patients are made by clinicians based on the patient’s needs. If somebody is discharged to a care home it is because that has been assessed as the best place to meet their needs. No evidence of any kind has been given to the government that would substantiate the serious accusation that any clinicians withheld test results and it is not acceptable if full information was not passed on.

“We have taken firm action to protect care home staff and residents. There has never been guidance or policy to actively move patients unwell with Covid-19 into care homes. Guidance has been clear that any individual being placed in a care home must be subject to an appropriate risk assessment and be isolated for 14 days. This is to make explicit that steps should be taken to ensure patients are screened clinically so people at risk were not transferred inappropriately.

“All our policy decisions were based on the best clinical advice available at that time. As we learned more about the impact of the virus, we ensured all guidance and decisions followed that changing landscape.”

Knowingly discharging patients after a positive test does not seem right or safe in any way

By Brian Sloan, chief executive of Age Scotland

It was quickly clear that care homes and the social care sector would be on the front line of the fight against Covid-19 but the national recognition of their vital role took much longer.

Calls for testing, PPE supply and access to medical treatment from those tasked with caring for residents have been deafening but the official response was sluggish.

A particular area of concern was the rush and determination to discharge older patients from hospital into a care home setting. The pace of this was like nothing we have ever seen before and done to free up beds in anticipation of an overwhelming wave of new coronavirus patients.

But in the rush, was there an injection of Covid into care homes? Of those discharged, the vast majority were never tested for the virus at all. That is hard enough to defend but the figures revealed today clearly show that there are a sizeable number who were positive for the virus but still transferred.

Knowingly discharging patients following a positive test does not seem right or safe in any way. It should not take a specialist to predict the consequences of sending someone with a highly infectious virus into a care home with dozens of older, frail residents. In many cases, staff were clearly ill-equipped to contain the virus and stop it spreading like wildfire, despite their heroic efforts. Were care homes aware that new residents had tested positive so they could care for them appropriately and take additional precautions?

Were checks carried out to ensure that the homes were able to adequately control the infection and protect other residents?

A full and thorough investigation into this scandal must answer these questions. We owe it to the families and loved ones of each resident who lost their lives and to ensure that others do not.